The correlation between stunting with development of toddler of 24-60 months

Article History

Submited : December 20, 2019
Published : July 30, 2020

Background : Stunting is a problem that is being the focus of the government in Indonesia to be handled. Stunting is a result of chronic malnutrition which causes various long-term and short-term problems. If it occurs in stunting children, it can cause developmental disorders including subtle movements, rough motion, speech and language, and social independence. In Yogyakarta the highest incidence of stunting was in Gunungkidul Regency in the working area of ​​the Puskesmas Gedangsari II. This study examines whether there was a correlation between stunting and the development of children aged 24-60 months. Objective : To determine the correlation between stunting and the development of children aged 24-60 months in the working area of ​Puskesmas ​Gedangsari II, Gunungkidul Regency in 2019. Methods : This study was an analytic observational study with a cross-sectional design. The population of this study were children aged 24-60 months and their mothers who came to the Posyandu in the working area of ​​the Puskesmas Gedangsari II with a total of 52 samples that met the criteria. The instrument used was KPSP (Pre Screening Development Questionnaire) according to the age of the child. Analysis of univariable and bivariable data that used chi-square with significance level p <0.05 and 95% CI. Results : Based on the results of the bivariable analysis showed a correlation between stunting and the development of children aged 24-60 months (p = 0.017). Conclusion : There was a correlation between stunting and the development of children aged 24-60 months in the working area of Puskesmas ​​Gedangsari II, Gunungkidul Regency.

Kemenkeu. Penanganan Stunting Terpadu Tahun 2018. 2018; Available from: http://www.anggaran.depkeu.go.id/content/Publikasi/stunting/Penanganan Stunting_DJA.pdf
2. Balita A. InfoDATIN (Pusat Data dan Informasi Kementerian Kesehatan RI). In Jakarta Selatan: Kementerian Kesehatan RI; 2016. p. 1. Available from: http://carlosmotta.com.br/design/poltrona-asturias/
3. KEMISKINAN TNPP. 100 Kabupaten/Kota Prioritas untuk Intervensi Anak Kerdil (Stunting) Ringkasan. 2017;136(1):23–42.
4. Probosiwi H, Huriyati E, Ismail D, Ismail D. Stunting dan perkembangan anak usia 12-60 bulan di Kalasan. Ber Kedokt Masy [Internet]. 2017;33(11):559. Available from: https://jurnal.ugm.ac.id/bkm/article/view/26550
5. Muhoozi GKM, Atukunda P, Mwadime R, Iversen PO, Westerberg AC. Nutritional and developmental status among 6- to 8-month-old children in southwestern Uganda: A cross-sectional study. Food Nutr Res. 2016;60:1–11.
6. Butchon R, Liabsuetrakul T. Journal of Child & Adolescent Behavior The Development and Growth of Children Aged under 5 years in Northeastern Thailand : a Cross-Sectional Study. 2017;5(1):1–6.
7. UNICEF I. Ringkasan Kajian Gizi Ibu dan Anak. 2013; Available from: www.unicef.org
8. Soetjiningsih. IG, N GR. Tumbuh Kembang Anak. EGC; 2016.
9. Amaliah, Nurillah, Kencana Sari IYS. Panjang badan lahir pendek sebagai salah satu faktor determinan keterlambatan tumbuh kembang anak umur 6-23 bulan di Kelurahan Jaticempaka, Kecamatan Pondok Gede, Kota Bekasi. J Ekol kesehatan, XV 43-55. 2016;
10. Torlesse H, Cronin AA, Sebayang SK, Nandy R. Determinants of stunting in Indonesian children : evidence from a cross-sectional survey indicate a prominent role for the water , sanitation and hygiene sector in stunting reduction. BMC Public Health [Internet]. 2016;1–11. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-016-3339-8
11. Cesar G Victora, Linda Adair, Caroline Fall, Pedro C Hallal, Reynaldo Martorell, Linda Richter HSS. Maternal and Child Undernutrition 2 Maternal and child undernutrition : consequences for adult health and human capital. 2002;371:340–57.
12. Ernawati F, Muljati S SMSA. Hubungan panjang badan lahir terhadap perkembangan… (Ernawati F; dkk). 2002;37(2):109–18.
13. Psikomotor DAN, Anak P, Glzl B. FAKTOR FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PERKEMBANGAN MENTAL DAN PSIKOMOTOR PADA ANAK BATITA GlZl KURANG. 2002;25(2):2002.
14. Helmiyati S. Status pekerjaan ibu tidak berhubungan dengan status gizi dan perkembangan anak 1 – 3 tahun di Kecamatan Kadia , Kendari. 2013;(45):44–50.
15. Taju CM, Babakal A. HUBUNGAN STATUS PEKERJAAN IBU DENGAN PERKEMBANGAN KOTA MANADO. 2015;3:0–7.
16. Agung Rahmadi F, Hardaningsih G, Pratiwi R. Prevalensi dan jenis masalah emosional dan perilaku pada anak usia 9-11 tahun dengan perawakan pendek di Kabupaten Brebes. Vol. 3, JURNAL GIZI INDONESIA. 2016. 116 p.
17. Ni Ketut Sutiari DARW. Hubungan Status Gizi Waktu Lahir dengan Pertumbuhan dan Perkembangan Anak Usia Pra Sekolah di Desa Peguyangan, Kota Denpasar. 2011.
Fathia, F., Arum, D., & Kurniati, A. (2020). The correlation between stunting with development of toddler of 24-60 months. Jurnal Kesehatan Ibu Dan Anak, 13(2). https://doi.org/10.29238/kia.v13i2.420
Fulltext