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Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Mual dan Muntah Pasca Bedah pada Pasien Anestesi Umum di Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah Dr Soedirman Kebumen

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Abstract

Postoperative nausea and vomiting is an anesthetic complication which is related to various factors. Patients who experience postoperative nausea and vomiting have worse quality of recovery which causes delay in patient discharge from the hospital which will increase the cost of care. This study to be able to know the factors that affects postoperative nausea and vomiting in general anesthesia patients. This is a quantitative observational analytic study with cross sectional design. The study population was all patients undergoing general anesthesia at Dr Soedirman Kebumen Hospital. The study was conducted in January - March 2020 with sample number of 46 respondens who were determined by consecutive sampling technique. Data analysis using Chi Square (X2) and Logistics Regression. The result showed that respondents with postoperative nausea and vomiting scores ? 50 were clinically important nausea and vomiting as many as 28 people (60,9%). Chi Square (X2) test results significance values of age (p=0,014), sex (p=0,003), smoking history (p=0,018), history of motion sickness (p=0,099), history of postoperative nausea and vomiting (p=0,090), use of volatile anesthetics (p=0,033), use of nitrous oxide (p=0,105), use of postoperative Postoperative nausea and vomiting is an anesthetic complication which is related to various factors. Patients who experience postoperative nausea and vomiting have worse quality of recovery which causes delay in patient discharge from the hospital which will increase the cost of care. This study to be able to know the factors that affects postoperative nausea and vomiting in general anesthesia patients. This is a quantitative observational analytic study with cross sectional design. The study population was all patients undergoing general anesthesia at Dr Soedirman Kebumen Hospital. The study was conducted in January - March 2020 with sample number of 46 respondens who were determined by consecutive sampling technique. Data analysis using Chi Square (X2) and Logistics Regression. The result showed that respondents with postoperative nausea and vomiting scores ? 50 were clinically important nausea and vomiting as many as 28 people (60,9%). Chi Square (X2) test results significance values of age (p=0,014), sex (p=0,003), smoking history (p=0,018), history of motion sickness (p=0,099), history of postoperative nausea and vomiting (p=0,090), use of volatile anesthetics (p=0,033), use of nitrous oxide (p=0,105), use of postoperative

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