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Pengaruh Distraksi Berdoa Terhadap Intensitas Nyeri Operasi Pada Pasien Post Anestesi Spinal di Recovery Room RSUD H. A. Sulthan Daeng Radja Kabupaten Bulukumba Sulawesi Selatan

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Abstract

Background: The needs of pain free after surgery occurs when analgesic medicine effect is run out. Thus, nursing care with distraction therapy can lead to the reduce of such pain sensation (Prasetyo, 2010). One of independent nursing interventions to relieve patients’ pain is to measure pain scale and then to give further intervention, either relaxation or distraction.


Objectives: To identify the effect of distraction therapy, which is pray, to the surgical pain intensity of post-spinal anesthesia patients at sulthan daeng radja hospital’s recovery room, bulukumba regency of south Sulawesi


Methods: A quasi experiment with one group pretest-posttest design was used in this research. The samples group was measured with pretest before being given an intervention and it was being re-measured after the intervention (posttest). Samples were chosen through non-random sampling, which is purposive sampling. Thirty eight samples were involved and being given such distraction therapy throughout the period of August 26th to October 19th 2013.


Results: There was a significant result shown by using NcNemar-analysis (p value =0.00). This reveals that there were decline in pain intensity after such distraction therapy among such patients.


Conclusions: Distraction therapy (praying) reduces surgical pain intensity after spinal anesthesia. Therefore it can be used as an independent nursing intervention among patients hospitalized with pain problems


Latar Belakang: Kebutuhan terbebas dari rasa nyeri setelah operasi dan masa kerja obat analgetik telah habis, maka asuhan keperawatan dengan distraksi dapat membatu mengurangi nyeri (Prasetyo,2010). Salah satu fungsi mandiri perawat dalam mengatasi masalah nyeri antara lain melakukan pengukuran tingkat nyeri kemudian memberikan intervensi untuk mengatasi nyeri yaitu dengan tehnik relaksasi dan distraksi.


Tujuan Penelitian: Untuk mengetahui pengaruh distraksi berdoa terhadap intensitas nyeri operasi pada pasien pasca spinal anestesi di recovery room RSUD H. A. Sulthan Daeng Radja Kabupaten Bulukumba Sulawesi Selatan.


Metode Penelitian: Penelitian ini menggunakan penelitian Quasi Experiment dengan rancangan. One Group Pretest Posttest yaitu dengan cara memberikan pre test terlebih dahulu sebelum diberikan intervensi, kemudian diberikan intervensi, lalu dilakukan post test. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan secara Non random dengan tehnik Purposive Sampling, didapatkan 38 responden dengan perlakuan distraksi berdoa. pada tanggal 26 Agustus sampai 19 Oktober 2013.


Hasil Penelitian: Uji NcNemar nilai p=0,00 (p?0,05) menunjukkan adanya penurunan intensitas nyeri sesudah perlakuan distraksi berdoa yang signifikan terhadap intensitas nyeri operasi pada pasca spinal anestesi di recovery room RSUD H. A. Sulthan Daeng Radja Kabupaten Bulukumba Sulawesi Selatan.


Kesimpulan: Distraksi berdoa menurunkan intensitas nyeri pada pasca spinal anestesi sehingga dapat digunakan sebagai intervensi keperawatan mandiri untuk mengurangi intensitas nyeri.

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References

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