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Prevalence, Risk Factors and Effort to Reduce of Urinary Tract Infections in Hospitals PKU Muhammadiyah Gamping Yogyakarta

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Abstract

Urinary tract infection is an infectious disease that commonly occurs in society and brings many disadvantages, including longer treatment, higher treatment costs. The purpose of this study was to analyze the prevalence, risk factors effort to reduce  urinary tract infection (UTI) in PKU Muhammadiyah Gamping Hospital, Yogyakarta. The research design is an analytic observational study using a cross-sectional design. The sample in this study were patients diagnosed with Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) at the hospital from January 2020 to December 2021 and met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The inclusion criteria were inpatients at the hospital from January 2020 to December 31, 2021 and patients diagnosed with UTI according to the hospital protocol. Exclusion criteria were patients diagnosed with UTI but incomplete data. Method of sample selection Sampling was conducted by Consecutive sampling. Retrieval of data from patient data stored in medical records. Ethical permit from PKU Muhammadiyah Gamping Hospital with number: 053/KEP-PKU/III/2023. The prevalence of UTI during 2 years of data collection was 65, with 16 being male and 49 female. There is a correlation between length of stay and the incidence of UTI with p = 0.019 and OR = 2.56, there is a correlation between age and UTI with p = 0.001 and OR = 7.113 and there is a correlation between gender and UTI with p = 0.001 and OR value = 4.136. The effect of length of care, age and gender on the incidence of UTI was 31.4%. The incidence of UTI is 65 cases. Factors that influence the incidence of UTI are length of stay, age and gender with a p value of 31.4%. The OR was 2.565 for length of stay, 7.113 for age and 4.136 for sex. By knowing the influential factors and the size of the OR, it is hoped that this will further increase motivation to make various efforts to reduce of  UTI.

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How to Cite This

Kusbaryanto, Aryanti Gobel, F., Listiowati, E., & Rosyida, A. (2023). Prevalence, Risk Factors and Effort to Reduce of Urinary Tract Infections in Hospitals PKU Muhammadiyah Gamping Yogyakarta. International Conference on Health Sciences, 10(1), 19–29. https://doi.org/10.29238/ichs.v10i1.2056

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