Prevalence, Risk Factors and Effort to Reduce of Urinary Tract Infections in Hospitals PKU Muhammadiyah Gamping Yogyakarta
Urinary tract infection is an infectious disease that commonly occurs in society and brings many disadvantages, including longer treatment, higher treatment costs. The purpose of this study was to analyze the prevalence, risk factors effort to reduce urinary tract infection (UTI) in PKU Muhammadiyah Gamping Hospital, Yogyakarta. The research design is an analytic observational study using a cross-sectional design. The sample in this study were patients diagnosed with Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) at the hospital from January 2020 to December 2021 and met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The inclusion criteria were inpatients at the hospital from January 2020 to December 31, 2021 and patients diagnosed with UTI according to the hospital protocol. Exclusion criteria were patients diagnosed with UTI but incomplete data. Method of sample selection Sampling was conducted by Consecutive sampling. Retrieval of data from patient data stored in medical records. Ethical permit from PKU Muhammadiyah Gamping Hospital with number: 053/KEP-PKU/III/2023. The prevalence of UTI during 2 years of data collection was 65, with 16 being male and 49 female. There is a correlation between length of stay and the incidence of UTI with p = 0.019 and OR = 2.56, there is a correlation between age and UTI with p = 0.001 and OR = 7.113 and there is a correlation between gender and UTI with p = 0.001 and OR value = 4.136. The effect of length of care, age and gender on the incidence of UTI was 31.4%. The incidence of UTI is 65 cases. Factors that influence the incidence of UTI are length of stay, age and gender with a p value of 31.4%. The OR was 2.565 for length of stay, 7.113 for age and 4.136 for sex. By knowing the influential factors and the size of the OR, it is hoped that this will further increase motivation to make various efforts to reduce of UTI.
There is no Figure or data content available for this article
- Duane S, Beecher C, Vellinga A, Murphy AW, Cormican M, Smyth A, Healy P, Moore M, Little P,8 and Devane D. A systematic review of the outcomes reported in the treatment of uncomplicated urinary tract infection clinical trials. JAC Antimicrob Resist. 2022 Apr; 4(2): dlac025, doi: 10.1093/jacamr/dlac025.
- Renko M, Salo J, Ekstrand, Pokka T .Meta-analysis of the Risk Factors for Urinary Tract Infection in Children.Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2022 Oct; 41(10): 787–792, doi: 10.1097/INF.0000000000003628.
- Konkel L & Patham B. Causes and Risk Factors of UTIs. Acessed in September 2023 from https://www.everydayhealth.com/urinary-tract-infection/causes-and-risk-factors-of-utis (2018).
- Shih WY, et al. Incidence and Risk Factors for Urinary Tract Infection in an Elder Home Care Population in Taiwan: A Retrospective Cohort Study. Int J Environ Res Public Health 16, (2019).
- Daniel M, et al. Epidemiology and Risk Factors of UTIs in Children—A Single-Center Observation. J Pers Med 13, (2023).
- Jabrodini A, Heidari F, Taghavi S & Shoukouh M. The Investigation of Frequency and Antibiotic Resistance Pattern of Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae Isolated From Urinary Tract Infection in Outpatients Referred to Amiralmomenin Ali Hospital in Gerash City in 2017: A Short Report (2018).
- CDC. Catheter-associated Urinary Tract Infections (CAUTI). Acessed in September 2023 from https://www.cdc.gov/hai/ca_uti/uti.html.
- Ahmed AE, Zenida M, Baiti MAH, Yahya AA, Alhazmi,… Abdelwahab SA. Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors of Urinary Tract Infection among Diabetic Patients: A Cross-Sectional Study. Healthcare (Basel). 2023 Mar; 11(6): 861, doi: 10.3390/healthcare11060861.
- Kemenkes RI. PERATURAN MENTERI KESEHATAN REPUBLIK INDONESIA NOMOR 27 TAHUN 2017 TENTANG PEDOMAN PENCEGAHAN DAN PENGENDALIAN INFEKSI DI FASILITAS PELAYANAN KESEHATAN. Acessed in September 2023 from http://hukor.kemkes.go.id/uploads/produk_hukum/PMK_No._27_ttg_Pedoman_Pencegahan_dan_Pengendalian_Infeksi_di_FASYANKES_.pdf.
- Storme O, Saucedo JT, Garcia-Mora A, Dehesa-Dávila M & Naber KG. Risk factors and predisposing conditions for urinary tract infection. Therapeutic Advances in Urology vol. 11 Preprint at https://doi.org/10.1177/1756287218814382 (2019).
- Gebremariam G, Legese H, Woldu Y, Araya T, Hagos K & Wasihun AG. Bacteriological profile, risk factors and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of symptomatic urinary tract infection among students of Mekelle University, northern Ethiopia.BMC Infectious Diseases volume 19, Article number: 950 (2019).
- Reginawati S, Fauziah W, Minanton. Risk factor analysis for urinary tract infection in outpatients at a hospital in Subang, IndonesiaINJ (Indonesian Nursing Journal) Vol. 1 No. 1 (2023): July.
- Jagtap S, Harikumar S, Vinayagamoorthy V, Mukhopadhyay S & Dongre A. Comprehensive assessment of holding urine as a behavioral risk factor for UTI in women and reasons for delayed voiding. BMC Infect Dis 22, (2022).
- Laily F. Associated risk factors for urinary tract infection among pregnant women at Puskesmas Kenangan, Deli Serdang. Earth Environ. Sci. 2018 125 012035.
- Hsiao CY, ChenTH, Lee YC, Hsiao MC, Hung PH, Wang MC. Risk factors for uroseptic shock in hospitalized patients aged over 80 years with urinary tract infection. Annals of Translations Medicine Vol 8, No 7 April 16, 2020, doi: 10.21037/atm.2020.03.95
- Zhu C, et al. Epidemiological trends of urinary tract infections, urolithiasis and benign prostatic hyperplasia in 203 countries and territories from 1990 to 2019. Mil Med Res 8, (2021).
- Osakwe ZT, Larson E & Shang J. Urinary tract infection-related hospitalization among older adults receiving home health care. Am J Infect Control 47, (2019).
- Davies PE, Daley MJ, Hecht J, Hobbs A, Burger C, Watkins L, Murray T, Shea K, Ali S, Brown LH, Coopwood TB, Brown CVR. Effectiveness of a bundled approach to reduce urinary catheters and infection rates in trauma patientsNo Title. Am J Infect Control 46, 758–763 (2018).
- Kang CI, Kim J, Park DW, Kim BN, Ha US, Lee SJ, Yeo JK, Min SK, Lee H and Wie SH. Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Antibiotic Treatment of Community-Acquired Urinary Tract Infections. Infect Chemother 50, 67–100 (2018).
- Datta R, Mehta M & Barros BS. Effect of 5-Day Nitrofurantoin vs Single-Dose Fosfomycin on Clinical Resolution of Uncomplicated Lower Urinary Tract Infection in WomenA Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA 319, 1781–1789 (2018).
- Healthline. 9 Ways to Reduce Your Risk of a UTI.Acessed in September 2023 from www.healthline.com/health/how-to-prevent-uti
- Bono MJ, Leslie SW, Reygaert WC. Urinary Tract Infection. Acessed in September 2023 from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK470195.
How to Cite This
Copyright and Permissions
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.