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Model Pendampingan Melalui Kelompok Perpuluhan Dalam Meningkatkan Kemampuan Pengelolaan Diabetus Melitus di Rumah Pada Penyandang Diabetes Mellitus Type II

Pages 87-93


According to the Center for Data and Information PERSI (2003,) the prevalence of diabetes mellitus type II increased. WHO
estimates that the global prevalence of type II diabetes will increase from 171 million in 2000 to 366 million in 2030, and
Indonesia ranked fourth after the United States, China and India. Riskesdas (2013) showed that the prevalence of DM in
Yogyakarta in 2013 was 2.6% and the diagnosis based on the diagnosis and symptoms of 3.0%. Results of a preliminary
study conducted by researchers obtained data on the number raised DM 2014 in Puskesmas I Gamping Sleman many as
270 people. DM disease if left untreated can lead to complications or fatal complications such as coronary heart disease,
kidney failure, blindness, infections due to ulcer until amputated the affected part ulcers and can lead to death. Dasawisma
perpuluhan group is a group whose members consist of people or families with the same health problems who live nearby.
This group is one way for fostering community participation in the health sector so that the public be aware of the health
problems experienced thus participate in solving the problem. The purpose of this study to determine the effect through
perpuluhan group mentoring model to DM management improvement at home in persons with diabetes mellitus type II. Type
of this research is quasi experimental design with pretest-posttest design with control group. The number of samples in this
study were 64 respondents that were divided into 32 groups of respondents with assistance through the perpuluhan group
(treatment group) and 32 respondents with assistance through Elderly Posyandu (the comparison group). Sampling used
consecutive sampling. Data were analyzed using Mc Nemar test and Chi square. Respondents who received assistance
through the perpuluhan group capable of managing diabetes at home as much as 25 respondents (39.06%), while those
getting assistance through Elderly Posyandu were 14 respondents (21.89%). Respondents who received assistance
through perpuluhan groups that are unable to manage diabetes at home as much as 7 respondents (10.94%), while those
getting assistance through Posyandu Elderly many as 18 respondents (28.11%) p = 0.005 <0.05. It can be concluded that
mentoring activities through a perpuluhan group is more effective than assistance through Posyandu Elderly in improving the
ability of the management of DM at home in the DM type II patient.

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There is no Supplemental content for this article.

How to Cite This

Ekwantini, R. D. (2017). Model Pendampingan Melalui Kelompok Perpuluhan Dalam Meningkatkan Kemampuan Pengelolaan Diabetus Melitus di Rumah Pada Penyandang Diabetes Mellitus Type II. Jurnal Teknologi Kesehatan (Journal of Health Technology), 13(2), 87–93. https://doi.org/10.29238/jtk.v13i2.14

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