Hubungan Panjang Badan Lahir dengan Perkembangan Anak Usia 3-24 Bulan di Kabupaten Gunungkidul Tahun 2017
Submited : March 29, 2018
Published : July 31, 2017
Development is the increasing ability of complex body functions, as a result of the maturation process. Development influenced by
several factors, one of which is the nutrition or growth of fetus since in the uterus. One of the nutritional status assessment is by
looking at the indicator of body length. Children who have low birth length are possibility to experience developmental delay, which
will adversely affect the child's development. This study aims to determine the relationship of birth length with children development
age 3-24 month in Gunungkidul Regency 2017. The design of this study is observational analytic with Retrospective Cohort design.
This research was held from March to May 2017 in the working area of Public Health Centers Karangmojo I and Semanu I, using
purposive sampling technique that the respondent is children with low birth length as many as 106 children and respondents with
normal birth length as many as 106 children. Data collection by looking at the Maternal and Child Health book or Card Toward Health
and developmental test directly implemented using Denver II. Hypothesis test is using chi-square analysis at 95% confidence level.
The results showed children that experiencing developmental disorders as many as 45 (42.46%) respondents with low birth length
and 22 (20,75%) respondents with normal birth length, with p-value 0.001 and RR 2 (95% CI 1.327-3.154). This research can be
concluded that there is a relationship of birth length with children development age 3-24 month and children with low birth length have
a twofold greater risk to experience developmental disorders than normal birth length children.
Pusat Data dan Informasi Kementrian
Kesehatan RI Situasi Balita Pendek. Jakarta:
Kementerian Kesehatan RI.
2. Kementerian Kesehatan RI. 2013. Riset
Kesehatan Dasar 2013. Jakarta : Kementerian
3. Hurlock, EB. 2013. Perkembangan Anak.
Jakarta : Erlangga.
4. Supariasa, IDN, dkk. 2012. Penilaian Status
Gizi. Jakarta : EGC.
5. Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Gunungkidul.
2016. Profil Kesehatan Kabupaten
Gunungkidul Tahun 2016. Gunungkidul : Dinas
Kesehatan Kabupaten Gunungkidul.
6. Mahmudiono, et al. 2016. The effectiveness of
nutrition education for overweight/obese
mothers with stunted children (NEO-MOM) in
reducing the double burden of malnutrition in
Indonesia: study protocol for a randomized
controlled trial. Journal of BMC Public Health
(2016) Vol. 16:486.
7. Sally, et al. 2013. Effects of integrated child
development and nutrition interventions on
child development and nutritional status.
Journal of Integrating Nutrition and Early
Childhood Development Interventions, New
York. Vol. 1308.
8. Gleason, et al. 2016. Stunting is associated with
blood lead concentration among Bangladeshi
children aged 2-3 years. Journal of BMC
Environmental Health (2016) Vol. 15:103.
9. Ernawati, F, dkk. 2014. Hubungan Panjang
Badan Lahir terhadap Perkembangan Anak
Usia 12 Bulan. Tesis. Fakultas Kesehatan
Masyarakat Universitas Diponegoro
10. Mwaniki, EW, and Makokha,AN. 2013. Nutrition
status and associated factors among children in
public primary schools in Dagoretti, Nairobi,
Kenya. Journal of African Health Science
(2013) Vol. 13(1):39-46.
11. Sutiari, NK, Wulandari DAR. 2011. Hubungan
status gizi waktu lahir dengan pertumbuhan dan
perkembangan anak usia prasekolah di Desa
Peguyangan Kota Denpasar. Jurnal Ilmu Gizi.
12. Shafieian, T, et al. 2013. Determinants of
Nutritional Status in Children living in Mashhad,
Iran. International Journal of Pediatrics Vol. 1:9-
13. D'souza, RS, et al. 2013. Impact Of SocioEconomic Factor On Child Development
Among Urban Poor - A Study In Bangalore,
India. European Scientiic Journal (2013) Vol. 9
14. Prendergast, AJ, and Humphrey, JH. 2014. The
stunting syndrome in developing countries.
Journal of Pediatrics and International Child
Health (2014) vol. 34(4):250-265.
15. Onis, MD, and Branca, F. 2016. Childhood
stunting: a global perspective. Journal of
Matern Child Nutrition (2016) Vol. 12(1):12-26.
16. Perna, R, and Loughan, RL. 2013. Early
Developmental Delays: A Cross Validation
Study. Journal of PsychologicalAbnormalities in
Children (2013) 1:2.
17. Pem, Deki. 2015. Childhood stunting: a global
perspective. Journal of Advances Practice In
18. Black, MM, et al. 2015. Integrating Nutrition and
Child Development Interventions: Scientific
Basis, Evidence of Impact, and Implementation
Considerations. Journal of Advances in
Nutrition Vol. 6:852-859, 2015.
19. Soetjiningsi. 2014. Tumbuh Kembang Anak
Edisi ke-2. Jakarta : EGC.
20. Miller, CA, et al. 2016. How consistent are
associations between stunting and child
development? Evidence from a meta-analysis
of associations between stunting and
multidimensional child development in fifteen
low- and middle-income countries. Journal of
Public Health Nutrition (2016) Vol. 19:1339-