Factors associated with anemia in trimester III pregnant women

Article History

Submited : May 24, 2018
Published : January 3, 2019

The anemia incidence rate of Yogyakarta City has continued to increase since 2013 until 2015 and the highest ranking in DIY province in 2015 is 32.39%.Several studies have shown that independent predictors of anemia in pregnant women, aged 15-24, family> 5, multigravida, low income, current clinical illness, intestinal parasite infection, no history of contraceptive use, third trimester pregnancy, bleeding over-menstruating and low body mass index.But there are still differences from several studies. This study was to know knowledge of factors associated withanemia in trimester III pregnant women in Yogyakarta 2017. This was an observational analytic study withcross sectionaldesignon 107 trimester pregnant women in Pakualaman Public Health Centre, Jetis Health Center and Matrijeron Health Center of Yogyakarta City withpurposive sampling technique.The data analysis used chi squaretest. The Results f this study was the variables with no significant association with anemia were maternal age (p = 0.243), education (p = 0.208), income (0.533), and adherence to tablet Fe (p = 0.378). Multivariate analysis showed that pregnant women with parity 2-3 3 times more at risk of anemia in third trimester than pregnant women with parity <1 (95% CI 1,135-8,183). Conclusion: Parity is the most dominant factor in relation to the incidence of anemia in pregnant women trimester III.

  1. Kementerian Kesehatan RI. “Profil Kesehatan Indonesia 2015”. www.depkes.go.id. diakses tanggal 8 Juli 2017 pukul 08.07 WIB. 2016
  2. Sabina, Shaikh dkk. “An Overview of Anemia in Pregnancy”. Journal of innovations in Pharmaceuticals and Biological Sciences (JIPBS). Vol 2. No. 2. hlm. 144-151. 2015
  3. Dinas Kesehatan DIY. “Profil Kesehatan DIY 2016”. Yogyakarta : Dinkes DIY. 2016
  4. Dinas Kesehatan Kota Yogyakarta. Profil Kesehatan Kota Yogyakarta 2016. Yogyakarta : Dinkes Kota Yogyakarta. 2016
  5. Rahmati, Shoboo dkk. “Maternal Anemia during pregnancy and infant low birth weight: A systematic review and Meta-analysis”. International Journal of Reproductive BioMedicine. Vol 15. No. 3. hlm. 125-134. 2017
  6. Lealem G. et al. “Anemia and Associated Factors Among Pregnant Women Atteding Antenatal Care Clinic in Wolayita Sodo Town, Southern Ethiopia”. Ethiop J Health Sci. Vol 25. No 2. 2015
  7. Proverawati, A. Anemia dan Anemia Kehamilan. Yogyakarta: Nuha Medika. 2011
  8. Qudsiah, Djarot, dan Nurjanah. “Hubungan antara Paritas dan Umur Ibu dengan Anemia pada Ibu Hamil Trimester III tahun 2012”. Jurnal Unimus. www.jurnal.unimus.ac.id
  9. Marmi NU dan Raharjo B. Aspek Dasar Kependidikan. Jakarta: Bina Aksara. 2012
  10. Sayogo S. Gizi Remaja Putri. Jakarta: EGC. 2006
  11. Jufar, AH and Tewabech Z. (2014). “Prevalence of Anemia Among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Care at Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital Addis Ababa Ethiopia”. Journal of Hematology and Thromboembolic Disease 2014, Vol. 2. No 1: 1-6. 2014
  12. Arisman. Gizi dalam Daur Kehidupan. Buku Kedokteran EGC. Jakarta. 2004
  13. Tarwoto dan Wasnidar. Anemia pada Ibu Hamil, Konsep dan Penatalaksanaanya. Jakarta: Trans Info Media. 2007
  14. Soebroto I. Cara Mudah Mengatasi Problem Anemia. Yogyakarta: Bangkit. 2009
  15. Saifuddin AB. Panduan Praktis Pelayanan Kesehatan Maternal dan Neonatal. Jakarta : EGC. 2009
  16. Wiknjosastro H. Ilmu Kebidanan. Jakarta: Yayasan Bina Pustaka Sarwono Prawirohardjo. 2006
  17. Kusmiyati,Y;Meilani, N; Ismail, S. Hemoglobin Level and Intelligence Quotient of Children. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat NasionalVol 8. No.3 Oktober 2018.
Majidah, A., Maryani, T., & Meilani, N. (2019). Factors associated with anemia in trimester III pregnant women. Jurnal Kesehatan Ibu Dan Anak, 12(1), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.29238/kia.v12i1.66
Fulltext