The effect of warm compress and aromatherapy lavender to decreasing pain on primary dysmenorrhea

Article History

Submited : August 16, 2018
Published : July 31, 2018

Primary dysmenorrhea is menstrual pain that occurs since menarche without a pelvic pathology condition causing disruption of daily activity and decreasing quality of life. Improved blood circulation and aromatic smell can reduce pain.This study aim to know the different mean decrease pain of primary dysmenorrhea in given warm compress and aromatherapy lavender.This study was quasi experimental design. The subjects of this study was adolescents of 44 respondents who suffered of dysmenorrhea and met the criteria. The results of this study indicate that  the mean of primary dysmenorrhea pain before and after given warm compress is 6.05 ± 1.046 and 3.55 ± 1.335 with mean decrease of 2.5, it means there was influence of giving warm compress to decrease of primary dysmenorrhea pain (p = 0,000). The mean of primary dysmenorrhea pain before and after lavender aromatherapy was 5.95 ± 1.214 and 4.77 ± 1.232 with a mean decrease of 1.18, it means there was an effect of lavender aromatherapy on decreasing primary dysmenorrhea pain (p = 0.000). Mann Whitney test obtained results p = 0.000, means there were differences dysmenorrhea pain reduction with warm compresses and aromatherapy lavender. Warm compresses are more effective in reducing primary dysmenorrhea pain.

  1. Janiwarty, B dan Pieter. H. Z. Pendidikan Psikologi untuk Bidan Suatu Teori dan Terapannya. Yogyakarta: Rapha Publishing. 2013.
  2. Manuaba, I. G. B. Ilmu Kebidanan dan Penyakit Kandungan dan Keluarga Berencana Untuk Pendidikan Bidan. Jakarta : EGC. 2010.
  3. Proverawati, A dan Misaroh, S. Menstruasi Pertama Penuh Makna. Yogyakarta: Nuha Medika. 2009.
  4. Wiknjosastro, H., Saifuddin, A. B., Rachimhadhi, T. Ilmu Kebidanan. Edisi IV. Jakarta: Bina Pustaka Sarwono Prawirohadjo. 2014.
  5. Ortiz, M.I. Primary Dysmenorrhea Among Mexican University Students : Prevalence, Impact, and Treatment. European Journal of Obstetric & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology 152 : 73-7. 2010
  6. Gui-Zhou, H. Prevalence of Dysmenorrhea in Female Students in a Chinese University : A Prospective Study. Health Journal. 2010
  7. El Hameed N.A.A, Maher S. M, Nadia H. A, and Eman R. A. Assesment of Dysmenorrhea and Menstrual Hygiene Practice Among Adolescent Girls in Some Nursing Schools at El Minia Governorete Egypt. Journal of American Science : 7. 2011
  8. Kumbhar dkk. Prevalance of Dysmenorrhea Among Adolescent Girls (14-19 Years) of Kadapa District and Its Impact on Quality of Life : A Cross Sectional Study. National Journal of Community Medicine Vol 2 Issue 2. 2011
  9. French L. Dysmenorrhea. American Academy of Physicians. 2014.
  10. Yulianto B D. Efektifitas Terapi Akupuntur Dibanding NSAID Terhadap Nyeri Lutut Pada Wanita Penderita Osteoatritis Lutut Ditinjau Dari Status Pekerjaan di RSO Prof Dr R Soeharso Surakarta. 2009.
  11. Howard S, Hughes BM Expectancies. Not Aroma, Explain Impact Of Lavender Aromatherapy. New England Journal of Medicine.vol 5 (365), pp 479-485. 2007.
  12. Serap E, Sevban A, Reva B, Ayda C. Effect of Aromatheraphy Masage on Dysmenorrheal in Turkish Students. Pain Manag Nurs. Vol 13 No 2 : 36-40. 2010
  13. Bahrainy S, Nagi A, Manani R. Aromatherapy and its Application. J Urima Nurs Midwifery. Vol 9 : 1-8. 2011
  14. Anugraheni, Vonny M. D, dan Aries Wahyuningsih. Efektifitas Kompres Hangat dalam Menurunkan Intensitas Nyeri Dysmenorrhea Pada Mahasiswi Stikes RS. Baptis Kediri. Jurnal STIKES Vol 6 No 1. 2013
  15. Oktaviana Amrina, Riyanti Imron. Menurunkan Nyeri Dismenorea dengan Kompres Hangat. Jurnal Keperawatn Vol VII No 2: 137-141. 2012
  16. Maharani, Yuliana Vivian, Ery Fatmawati, dan Rahmah Widyaningrum. Pengaruh Bunga Lavender (Lavandula Angustifilia) Terhadap Intensitas Nyeri Haid (Dismenore) Pada Mahasiswi Stikes Madani Yogyakarta. Jurnal Kesehatan Madani Medika Vol 7 No 1 : 43-49. 2016
  17. Nida, Rima Maratun, Defie Sepriana Sari. Pengaruh Pemberian Kompres Hangat Terhadap Penurunan Nyeri Dismenore Pada Siswi Kelas XI SMK Muhammadiyah Watu Kelir Sukoharjo. Jurnal Kebidanandan Kesehatan Tradisional : Vol. 13 No 2: 100-144. 2016
  18. Bakhtshirin Froozan, Sara Abedi, Parisa YusefiZoj, and Damoon Razmjooee. The Effect of Aromatherapy Massage With Lavender Oil On Severity of Primary Dysmenorrhea in Arsanjan Students. Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery : Vol 20. 2015.
  19. Apriza. Efektifitas Terapi Aroma Terhadap Penurunan Skala Nyeri Dismenore Pada Remaja Putri di SMA Negeri 1 Kabun Tahun 2015. Jurnal Keperawatan Stikes Riau : Page 11. 2015
  20. Rohmawati,Sulistyawati dan Heny Ekawati. Perbedaan Pemberian Kompres Hangat dengan Aromatherapy Terhadap Penurunan Nyeri Menstruasi pada Remaja Putri. Jurnal Surya : Vol 1 No XVII. 2014
  21. Kozier B. Fundamentals of Nursing (Concepts, Process, and Procedures). USA : Pearson Education International. 2010
  22. Guyton AC, Hall JE. Buku Ajar Fisiologi Kedokteran. Edisi ke-11. Jakarta : EGC. 2010
  23. Koensoemardiyah. A-Z Aromaterapi untuk Kesehatan, Kebugaran, dan Kecantikan. Yogyakarta : Lily Publisher. 2009
  24. Dewi, I. P. Aromaterapi Lavender Sebagai Media Relaksasi. Bali : Bagian Farmasi Kedokteran Udayana. 2011
  25. Sharma S. Aroma Terapi. Tangerang :Karisma Publishing Group. 2009
Yunianingrum, E., Widyastuti, Y., & Margono, M. (2018). The effect of warm compress and aromatherapy lavender to decreasing pain on primary dysmenorrhea. Jurnal Kesehatan Ibu Dan Anak, 12(1), 40-49. Retrieved from http://e-journal.poltekkesjogja.ac.id/index.php/kia/article/view/74
Fulltext